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博士论文 夏热冬冷地区住宅节能优化设计

日期:2017-04-28     浏览:99    下载:10     体积:20.58M     评论:0    
 夏热冬冷地区住宅节能优化设计

摘要
建筑节能设计可以被理解为一种为满足人居热舒适要求,在现有条件下遥求更加节
能、更加符合生态环境要求的建筑设计理念。建筑节能涉及方面繁多,适合应用系统科学理论对其进行优化分析。建筑节能研究与设计大多并非高新科技,关键的是使其成为建筑师可领会、房地产商可接受的节能设计手法和技术措施。论文内容分两方面。第一方面是通过对相关问题的分析,提出夏热冬冷地区住宅节能优化设计应从住宅节能的实际需要出发,综合考虑气候影响因素的多样性与不稳定性,尽可能使节能的设计手法和技术措施有机融入整体性建筑设计,并从有关规划、体形、房间和围护结构等方面提出相应的住宅节能设计方法。第二方面是提出“错列式东西向遮阳板”和在住宅中应用“双层皮”的设想,及“考虑热舒适要求的房间能耗计算方法”的基本思路,并探讨了“南热北送”、“西墙遮热板”和“错列式东西向遮阳板”等节能设计手法的实验测试结果。
关键词:夏热冬冷地区;住宅;节能;优化设计
全文字数5 万余字图表81 幅

Abstract
Energy saving in building should be looked on a-; an idea of design for thennal comfort of human habitation, to reduce energy cooswne and get ioolf more used to environmental protection in the existing conditions, for themial comfort of room. Because energy saving in building involves in various aspects, it is suitable to be optimal analyzed by the system science theory. Though the research and design are not hi-tech, they should be the appropriate design and measures that architects can grasp and land agents may accept This thesis brings forward some opinions to energy saving of dwelling in this area: 
1、The optimal design of the energy
saving of residential buildings should be closely attached to its practical requirement; 
2、The diversity and instability of climate factors should be considered and integrated; 
3、The design and technology of energy saving should be in hannony with the architecture de.sign of integral planning. The design strategies of energy saving of dwelling are put fonvard on the planning of dwelling district, shape coefficient of building, room and envelop. This thesis puts forward the design of "'stagger shading eastwards or westwards", the design of "double skins" in dwelling and "the energy calculation method with thennal comfort of room", and introduces the tests of "heat from south to north'', "shading for west wall" and "stagger shading eastwards or westwards".

Keywords: Hot in Summer and Cold in Wmter Zone, Dwelling,Energy saving, Optimal design
about 50,000 words with 81 illustrations
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